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All about India's moon mission

October 17, 2008
AIndia's first Moon mission, Chandrayaan is all set to add a golden chapter to India's space endeavour when it takes off from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota on October 22.

Here's all that you wanted to know about India's first Moon mission

  • What is Chandrayaan-1?

    Chandrayaan-1 is a scientific investigation -- by spacecraft -- of the Moon. The name Chandrayaan means Chandra (Moon), Yaan (vehicle). Chandrayaan-1 is the first Indian planetary science and exploration mission.

  • When, and from where, Chandrayaan-1 will be launched?

    Chandrayaan-1 will be launched on October 22, 2008 from Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota (SHAR).

  • How long will it take Chandrayaan-1 to get to Moon?

    It will take about 5 days for Chandrayaan-1 to get to the Moon.

  • How close to Moon will Chandrayaan-1 come while orbiting the Moon?

    Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft will be in a 100 km polar orbit around the Moon.

  • What are Chandrayaan' s scientific goals?

    The Chandrayaan-1 mission is aimed at high-resolution remote sensing of the Lunar surface in visible, near Infrared, low energy X-rays and high-energy X-ray regions.

    Specific scientific goals are:

    • To prepare a three-dimensional atlas (with a high spatial and altitude resolution of 5-10m) of both near and far side of the moon.

    • To conduct chemical and mineralogical mapping of the entire lunar surface for distribution of elements such as Magnesium, Aluminum, Silicon, Calcium, Iron and Titanium with a spatial resolution of about 20 km and high atomic number elements such as Radon, Uranium & Thorium with a spatial resolution of about 40 km.

    By simultaneous photo geological and chemical mapping we will be able to identify different geological units, which will test the hypothesis for the origin and early evolutionary history of the moon and help in determining the nature of the lunar crust.

    Image: On October 22, India will take a giant leap into space as it sets off Chandrayaan to explore the moon.
    Text: ISRO | Photograph: Bruno Vincent/Getty Images

    Also read: Coverage: India's Moon Mission

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