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Russia declares ceasefire

August 13, 2008
Russia has ordered a halt to military action in Georgia after five days of massive air and land attacks, saying that the mission to 'force peace' in the region has been accomplished.

"The security of our peacekeepers and civilians has been restored," Russian President Dmitry Medvedev said, adding, "The aggressor has been punished and suffered very significant losses. It's military has been disorganised."

But the fact that a perceived military juggernaut, Russia, was unable to quickly quell the Georgian army may spell trouble for Moscow in the future, as some of the country's smaller neighbours would have taken notice of the Russian army's struggles.

So what prompted the former superpower and its former state to verge on the brink of an all-out war? Let us take a look at the troubled history between the two neighbours.

Image: Local Abkhazian troops speak with young girls in the Georgian breakaway region of Abkhazia on the outskirts of Gali.
Photograph: Viktor Drachev/AFP/Getty Images

Also read: Russia orders ceasefire in Georgia, slams US

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