Sandeep Nijsure came from Mumbai, India, to pursue a Masters degree in computer science at the University of North Texas. Degree in hand, he went to work for Microsoft as a software design engineer on an H1-B visa. He appreciated the education and enjoyed the work.
But Sandeep missed home. He felt distant from his parents and couldn't take proper care of them as they aged. He also missed watching cricket, celebrating Indian festivals and following the insane twists of Indian politics.
His wife missed home just as much and, due to her visa status, was unable to work. In the past, making a move home would have been difficult as it meant giving up economic opportunity and the chance for a coveted US citizenship.
Image: Microsoft has a cricket programme for its Indian employees; here, they play against a local team in Washington. | Photograph: Robert Sorbo/Reuters
Also read: IT biggies that got most H-1B visas
Vivek Wadhwa is senior research associate at the Labor & Worklife Program at Harvard Law School and executive in residence at Duke University. He is an entrepreneur who founded two technology companies.